Some say “to-mah-to”; others say “to-may-to.” And places that look after kids are called “child-care centers” or “day care centers” by different folks and in different regions. While some may claim that child-care centers offer more child development work, that isn’t necessarily implicit in the definitions of the phrases.
Child Care vs. Day Care
Lots of parents rely on out-of-home care for their children while they’re at work. The places that offer this care are called day care centers or child-care centers. “Day care” may have been the first term used for this type of kid care. However, many child care and early education professionals object to the term. It seems to describe when the care is offered (during the day), but doesn’t touch on the type of attention given to the kids.
The term “child care” is more inclusive. Some parents work in the early morning hours, while others work late into the afternoon. The term “child care” may include these types of schedules better than “day care,” and it also indicates the importance of offering care for the kids in the terminology.
Home-Based Child Care vs. Commercial Child-Care Centers
The better distinction is between family child-care providers, in which care for children takes place in someone’s home, and commercial child-care centers. Both have advantages and disadvantages.
Family child-care providers offer a setting in a home with fewer children and, perhaps, more hands-on attention. Given that these take place in a home, less overhead is involved in providing the care. Therefore, it’s often the less-expensive alternative.
On the other hand, commercial child-care centers have unique benefits going for them. Their staff is larger, with many different child-care providers/teachers. That means that you won’t be left high and dry if a provider is ill. It also assures you that more than one set of eyes is watching over your kids. And the teachers may bring more educational background to their work, depending on state regulations. Kids are often divided into age-based classrooms in these centers and given age-appropriate activities and entertainment.
Both commercial and home care facilities are usually licensed by the state, which guarantees a level of cleanliness and safety. Some commercial centers, however, are equipped with closed-circuit cameras monitored by the center’s director, and some even have a webcam so parents can watch over their child as they work.
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With a Master's in English, a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing, and J.D. from U.C. Berkeley's law school, Teo Spengler is up on education. She splits her home time between San Francisco and France. A perpetual student and frequent teacher, she is also a writer and world traveler. Her work has appeared in numerous online publications including USA Today, Legal Zoom, eHow Business, Livestrong, SF Gate, Arizona Central, Fairmont Houston Chronicle, Navy Federal Credit Union, Pearson, Quicken.com, TurboTax.com, and numerous attorney websites.