How to Cook Boned Rolled Shoulder of Lamb

by M.T. Wroblewski
Roasting usually calls for meat to be suspended in a two-piece roasting pan.

Roasting usually calls for meat to be suspended in a two-piece roasting pan.

Lamb chops often get top billing at fine restaurants and maybe even your own kitchen on special occasions. The chops originate from the shoulder -- a cut with a rich, sweet flavor. Despite lamb’s lofty status, it’s relatively simple to cook a boned, rolled shoulder of lamb. Bring out the best in the shoulder by roasting or braising it -- and make any night of the week a special occasion.

Roast the Shoulder

Set your oven to “broil” or 500 degrees Fahrenheit. Prepare a rub for the shoulder with salt, pepper, minced garlic and, if you like the flavor of it, fresh rosemary. Otherwise, try the milder flavor of mint.

Set up a two-piece roasting pan. Set the shoulder on the top rack. Press the rub all over the shoulder. Cover the shoulder with aluminum foil to keep it moist while it cooks.

Put the roasting pan in the oven and reduce the temperature to 325 F. The quick exposure to high heat sears the shoulder and helps the fat commingle with the seasoning rub.

Roast the lamb for about 30 to 35 minutes per pound to achieve a medium-rare state and for 40 to 45 minutes per pound for medium. Check the lamb with an instant-read thermometer. Remove the lamb from the oven and let it rest for about 20 minutes before carving it.

Braise the Shoulder

Preheat your oven to 350 F. Truss the shoulder with butcher’s twine about every 2 or 3 inches to keep the shoulder intact while it cooks.

Heat some olive oil on a medium-high flame in a Dutch oven. Brown the shoulder on all sides, turning it frequently with tongs.

Transfer the shoulder to a plate. Bring a liquid seasoning blend to a boil in the Dutch oven. Make several cups, or enough to come up at least halfway on the shoulder. Combine salt, pepper, chicken stock and thyme. Add a little white wine, if you wish, for added flavor.

Place the shoulder inside the Dutch oven. Cover the dish and immediately set it inside your preheated oven. Braise the lamb for about three hours, turning it occasionally. Test it with an instant-read thermometer to ensure that it is fully cooked before removing the twine and slicing.

Items you will need

  • Boned, rolled shoulder of lamb, 3 to 4 pounds
  • Salt
  • Pepper
  • Minced garlic
  • Rosemary or mint
  • Roasting pan
  • Aluminum foil
  • Instant-read thermometer
  • Butcher’s twine
  • Olive oil
  • Dutch oven
  • Tongs
  • Chicken stock
  • Thyme
  • White wine, optional


  • Serve the shoulder of lamb with mint jelly or melted chevre, a rich French cheese that is creamier than cream cheese, a side of garlic mashed potatoes and roasted, seasonal vegetables.

About the Author

If you can't see the world, then you may as well try to meet (or at least talk to) everyone in it. So goes the hopeful thinking of many journalists, including Mary Wroblewski. This is why you'll see her work in a wide variety of publications, especially those in the business, education, health care and nutrition genres. Mary came of age as a reporter and editor in some of Chicago's scrappiest newsrooms but softened up long enough to write nine children's books as well as one nonfiction tome.

Photo Credits

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