Brown and dark spots on the skin are an inevitable part of aging for most people. These small spots are caused by large concentrations of the skin pigment melanin. Dark spots occur for several different reasons, including aging, sun damage, liver disease, menopause, genetics, acne and stress. There are several different ways to not only treat these unflattering marks, but to also prevent them from forming.
Exfoliate your skin often. This will help remove any dead skin cells that can clog sebaceous pores and make dark patches appear worse. Skin cleaners that contain the product alpha hydroxy acid will also help cut down on this darkening as well.
Apply sunscreen daily. This will help lessen the pigmentation of dark spots that already exist and prevent new spots from forming.
Utilize a lotion that is specially formulated for treating dark spots. Manufacturers such as Lancome, Clarins and Clinique all carry products that are meant to treat these brown and black spots on the face and skin. Look for products that also contain the ingredients kojic acid and hydroquinone.
Eat fruits and vegetables that help maintain healthy skin. These include lemons, cucumbers and tomatoes.
Apply a whitening mask to your face weekly. These masks work by gradually lightening areas of hyperpigmentation, or dark spots, on the skin.
Schedule an appointment with your dermatologist to have a procedure called microdermabrasion. This treatment involves the use of a small vacuum and micro-crystals that are applied to the skin to gently remove dead skin cells and will help fade dark spots.
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