Acne, scarring, fine lines and wrinkles all contribute to an uneven skin texture. A daily regime of washing and moisturizing may not be enough to keep scars and wrinkles at bay. Uneven skin caused by dry patches may be treated at home with light exfoliation, however, depending on the severity of scarring and wrinkles, restoring skin back to its smooth and youthful appearance may require a visit to an aesthetician, dermatologist or plastic surgeon for procedures that rejuvenate and smooth skin.
Facials that help to smooth the skin begin with exfoliation, which is an inexpensive treatment that can be added easily to your daily skin regime. Exfoliation speeds cell turnover and removes damaged surface skin to reveal fresher, younger skin. Dead skin also clogs pores, which may lead to further pimples and acne scars. Consider exfoliating with micro-beads for sensitive skin, available at most drug stores, or natural ingredients such as oatmeal and salt for normal skin. Avoid over-scrubbing -- instead, use light and gentle circular movements to exfoliate dead skin.
Fair-skinned people may benefit from dermabrasions to smooth the scarring associated with acne, pox marks, accidents and disease. This procedure is not recommended for people with darker complexions, as it may cause further scarring and discoloration. During the treatment a device is used to sand down layers of scarred skin, revealing the smoother skin beneath. Unlike dermabrasions, microdermabrasions are suitable for all skin types and shades. However, the effect is less dramatic and works best on slight imperfections only. On the plus side, recovery time is minimal for microdermabrasions, a procedure that involves small crystals being sprayed onto the skin. Side effects may include redness, bleeding, acne or a change in skin color.
Laser resurfacing treats skin imperfections such as blemishes and acne scars, and reduces fine wrinkles. Using short, concentrated pulsating beams of light, lasers remove uneven skin. Laser resurfacing can eliminate fine lines and mild acne scars around the eyes, mouth and forehead. However, people with darker complexions or acne may not be suitable for laser therapy. There are two types of lasers available -- CO2 laser resurfacing, which treats conditions such as wrinkles, scars, warts and enlarged oil glands, and erbium laser resurfacing, which causes fewer side effects than the CO2 laser resurfacing and removes deep lines and wrinkles with minimal injury to surrounding tissue. Possible side effects for laser resurfacing may include itching, swelling, and redness that can last for several months. Changes in skin color may also occur, as well as blistering or scarring. If an infection occurs seek medical attention.
Chemical peels smooth skin by means of a chemical solution which is applied to the skin and works to peel away the top layer. New skin grows back feeling smoother and looking younger. Chemical peels treat various skin problems such as wrinkles, discoloration and minor scars. A chemical peel may be administered at different skin depths, depending on the desired results. A light chemical peel may be used to treat fine wrinkles, acne and uneven skin tones at the epidermis layer. A medium chemical peel works deeper into the dermis layer and treats acne scars, wrinkles and uneven skin tones. A deep chemical peel may be used to treat deep wrinkles, scars and precancerous growths. Side effects from a chemical peel may include changes in skin color, as well as acne or redness. Redness may last for several months after a medium or deep peel.
Dermabrasions, microdermabrasions, laser resurfacing and chemical peels may not be appropriate for everyone. Side effects can occur and may require additional treatment. Consult with your doctor to determine whether any of these procedures are suitable options for you.