Examples of Genogram

by Pepper Near

A genogram is a type of family tree diagram that can aid in tracking patterns in family behaviors. A genogram goes beyond the typical elements of a family tree by including relationships between family members, occupations and important family events.


Genograms are used by therapists in an attempt to map out how a particular problem within a family system develops over the course of several generations.


Genograms are constructed with a generalized set of symbols that represent gender, family structure and relationships.

Time Frame

Because a genogram contains so much detail, particularly for large or complex family structures, it is a time-consuming project.


A genogram can be drawn out manually or created by genogram software.


A genogram is a collection of potentially intimate family details, a fact to keep in mind when considering who has access to the information.


Even though genograms serve as a tool for many practitioners in various fields, aside from the few generalized symbols, there is no universal outline for creating a genogram.

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  • "Genograms in Family Assessment"; McGoldrick & Gerson; 1985

About the Author

Pepper Near has written articles on such topics on such topics as growth and development in human beings and HIV/AIDS. Her expertise includes at-risk and teen parenting, childhood risk and resilience, and poverty issues. She holds a Master of Science in human development and family studies from Central Michigan University.

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