Brining and slow-cooking are smart strategies for ensuring a flavorful, juicy pork without a lot of extra fat. Start with a basic brine, followed by a long, slow cooking time. The pork is done when it's fork tender and a meat thermometer inserted in the center registers 180 degrees Fahrenheit. The entire process can take several days, but the end result is worth the extra effort.
To make a basic brine, combine 4 quarts of water with 1/2 cup to 1 cup of table salt. If you're using kosher salt, increase the amount by 1/4 to 1/2 cup. Add seasonings, such as maple syrup, brown sugar, white sugar, rosemary, garlic or juniper berries. Heat the brine to boiling and allow it to cool to room temperature. Place the pork in the brine and refrigerate it at 40 degrees F. Refrigerate small cuts of pork for just a few hours. Brine a tenderloin -- which is naturally moist and tender -- for six to 12 hours. Larger roasts can be brined for as long as three days. When you're ready to cook the pork, drain the brine and pat the meat dry -- but don't rinse it, and do not salt the meat. Allow the meat to sit at room temperature for as long as two hours to take the chill off. Meat cooks more evenly and browns better when started at room temperature.
The Slow-Cooker Method
To slow-cook brined pork in a slow-cooker, spray the pot with non-stick cooking spray. Sear the meat in a separate skillet heated over medium-high heat until all sides are golden brown. This step isn't absolutely necessary, but it seals in juices and adds flavor. Place the meat in the slow-cooker and add at least 1/2 to 1 cup of a flavorful liquid, such as apple juice, broth or white wine. Ensure that the meat is partially covered but not submerged. Place the lid on the slow-cooker and cook on low until the pork is very tender. Pork chops and pork medallions cook in two to four hours. Larger roasts need at least six to eight hours.
If you don't have a slow-cooker, you can slow-cook brined pork in an oven set to 300 F. Place brined pork chops in a small baking or roasting pan. Place larger roasts in a larger roasting pan. Add a bit of liquid to the pan, such as apple cider or white wine. Roast the pork for four to six hours, or until the meat is fork tender and fragrant. Cover the pork loosely with a sheet of aluminum foil if it starts to get too dark.
Serve It Up
Although the USDA recommends 145 F as the minimum internal temperature for cooked pork, you'll probably cook it to a much higher temperature to get moist, tender results. A meat thermometer inserted in the pork should read at least 160 F, and possibly as high as 180 F. Once the meat is done, transfer it to a serving platter or carving board. Tent it loosely with foil and allow it to rest for as long as 30 minutes. Brining gives pork a slightly sweet, slightly salty flavor, depending on the seasonings you use. Shred it for pulled pork sandwiches or roast it with apples, fennel and onions.
- Fine Cooking: Slow Roasted Pork Shoulder With Salsa Verde
- Not Your Mother's Slow Cooker Cookbook; Beth Hensperger et al.
- Meat: A Kitchen Education; James Peterson
- Epicurious: Maple-Brined Pork Roast With Apples, Onions and Mustard Breadcrumbs
- What's Cooking America: Brining Pork
- The Kitchn: Cooking Tip: Quick Brine for Pork Chops
- USDA: Fresh Pork From Farm to Table
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