Skin damage and other signs of aging are often caused by sun exposure and free radicals. As the skin absorbs sunlight and environmental toxins, the skin cells become dysfunctional and produce less amounts of collagen and elastin. Subsequently, the skin fails to plump to achieve a youthful glow, as well as slows its exfoliation. Slowed dead skin cell removal and loss of elasticity and collagen in the skin contribute to fine lines and wrinkles. Fortunately, there are several ways you can reverse skin damage with topical treatments.
Steps to Reverse Skin Damage
Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen. Sunscreen that contains titanium or zinc oxide protects the skin from future sun damage and may reverse slight skin damage. Apply sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 15 daily to properly protect the skin from sun damage.
Use retinoid creams. Retinoid creams are a topical treatment of vitamin A. You can use over-the-counter retinoid creams for brown spots and minor skin damage; however, seek a dermatologist to obtain a prescription retinoid if you have more severe damage.
Try antioxidant lotions. Lotions that contain the antioxidants selenium, vitamin E and vitamin C effectively combat harmful environmental free radicals and help preserve skin from damage.
Receive laser treatments. Laser treatments administered by a dermatologist or medical spa expert stimulate collagen production. Some top requested laser treatments include laser skin resurfacing and laser spot removal.
Think about chemical peels. For those with severe skin damage, chemical peels are highly effective at increasing collagen growth. Dr. Bruce Katz, a dermatologist in New York City, found that six to eight chemical peel treatments can reduce skin damage by as much as 90 percent.
If you have sensitive skin, test skin products on the back of the hand or other areas of the body before applying to the face.
Never continue using a new skin product if you develop a rash or other skin irritation.