What's in Your Cup of Joe
The Colombian coffee you buy at the grocery store or your local coffee shop can come in a French roast style. And any French roast coffee may be from Colombia, or it may be from Guatemala, Hawaii, Mexico or Kenya. To make sense of the differences, think of coffee as available in different levels of darkness, the roast, and also available from different places of origin, such as a country or region. If you're one of the 100 million coffee drinkers in America, understanding the varieties of coffee beans and the origins of the coffee may help you find your favorite blend.
French roast coffee refers to coffee made from green coffee beans that have been roasted until they turn a very dark color, resulting in strong and somewhat bitter flavors. Colombian coffee, or Colombian roast coffee, refers to the country, Colombia, where the coffee beans were grown; it does not indicate how long the beans were roasted or what color they are. Colombian roast coffee comes in dark roast, also called French roast, medium roast or light roast.
Levels of Roasting
French roasted coffee tastes the strongest and most bitter of the four coffee roasting levels. Although the beans are darker and more shiny with natural coffee oils than light, medium or medium dark roasts, coffee made from these beans is actually less acidic than coffee made from beans roasted to lighter shades. There are no laws or regulations regarding the names of dark-roasted beans, so you may see these beans labeled as high, European, Viennese, Italian or French. No matter what the name on a bin of coffee beans, you'll know the French-roasted beans because they will be significantly darker than any of the others.
Although coffee trees will only grow in certain warm, moist areas along the equator, the different soils, climates and coffee-making traditions in different regions give coffee beans their distinct and slightly varied flavors. Columbia is one of 50 countries in the world that grow coffee, but it grows the second highest amount of beans each year. Colombian coffee beans have a reputation for mild taste with a balance between bitterness and acidity. Coffee lovers describe the highest quality of coffee from the country, Colombian Supremo, as having a sweet smell and caramel-like flavor.
Brewing the Best Cup
Some well-accepted practices can move your coffee brewing skills to the next level. Be sure to clean your coffee grinder, filter and pot thoroughly after each use. Otherwise, small amounts of coffee oils or coffee beans can react with the air and turn rancid, adding bitter flavors to your cup. Buy small amounts of coffee so you use it up within two weeks, keeping it as fresh as possible, and store it in an airtight, dark container. Finally, if you can control the temperature of the water you use, let the water rest for 30 seconds after boiling before you pour it over the freshly ground coffee.