x

Definition of Polyester Fabric

by David Harris ; Updated September 28, 2017

Polyester is a petroleum-based fiber, known for its strength, resistance to abrasion and its low absorbency.

Significance

Polyester is a type of synthetic polymer that is made from the combination of natural chemicals as well as synthetic chemicals like polybutyrate and polycarbonate.

History

The first synthetic polyester was invented around World War I by W.H. Carruthers, but the material did not receive wide notice until the early 1940s.

Features

Polyester is created from a chemical reaction between alcohol and an acid. Their molecules combine to make a larger, stronger molecule that is then used in fiber.

Function

Polyester is used to make clothes, tablecloths, sheets and curtains. It is also used in the production of seat belts and rope.

Misconceptions

Polyester fibers aren't only used in the manufacture of fabric. They are also used to create garden hoses and soda bottles.

Our Everyday Video

Brought to you by LEAFtv
Brought to you by LEAFtv

About the Author

David Harris is a writer living in Portland, Ore. He currently is the editor-in-chief of the online magazine Spectrum Culture. He holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from Sarah Lawrence College.