Cotton fabric has been used for clothing as far back as 3000 B.C. It remains a popular fabric today because it can be made into different weights and types of fabric: batiste, jersey, flannel, terry, corduroy, twill, denim and duck.
The processing of cotton was streamlined in 1793 with Eli Whitney's cotton gin. This machine separates the cotton from the seed. In 1884, the power loom improved the manufacture of cotton fabric.
The cotton plant thrives in warm climates such as those in the southern United States, China, India, Brazil and Egypt.
Cotton grows in a round boll around the seeds of the cotton plant. The plant is thorny, which made picking painful for the picker until machines for this were developed in the 1930s.
Cotton is graded on three things: color or degree of whiteness, amount of foreign or plant matter in the cotton, and preparation of the fiber done by the gin.
Staple is the length of the fiber in cottom. Egyptian cotton is known for its long staple and is used for finer types of fabrics. Extra-long staple cotton is also used for thread.
Types of Cotton Fabric
How Is Cotton Made?
Ring Spun Cotton vs. Combed Cotton
What Is Arnel Vintage Material Fabric?
How Much of the World's Clothing Is ...
How Is Cotton Made Into Fabric?
Characteristics of Polyester & Cotton
How to Shrink Flannels
Define Cotton Silk Fabric
Trade Names for Cotton
What Is Canvas Fabric?
Uses of Cotton Fabric
Description and Characteristics of ...
What Is the Difference Between Denim & ...
What Is Pinpoint Cotton?
Types of Indian Fabric
How to Dehydrate Okra
What Is Yellow Zucchini?
How to Shrink Cotton
What Is Cotton Plisse?
Margaret Montet has been a freelance writer for five years and a librarian for 20. She has master's degrees in library science and music theory. She writes extensively about America’s oldest seashore resort, Cape May, N.J. Montet has published articles in "Edible Jersey," "The Traveler," "Twin Capes Traveller," "Chesapeake Family" and "Go!" on topics including medieval art, murder mystery dinner parties, cranberries and quilting.
McKay Savage, billums, Ailleen's pics, Svadfari