Types of Communication Styles

by Cheryl Starr

Being aware of other's communication styles, as well as understanding your own, will help you create better communication skills and positive lasting impressions on others. Recognizing personality types and what interactions are the best way to deal with them, for example, will help you in your workplace and in your personal life. Once you understand the basic personality traits and what they like or dislike, you're on your way to building better communication skills.

Expressive

Expressive personality types enjoy being the focus. Their excitement makes them easy to recognize. They dislike wasting time and boring explanations. The strengths of this personality type are that they are good communicators and that they are imaginative and enthusiastic. However, they can be dreamers, unrealistic and can come on too strong. Expressive personalities are talkative, but they strive to reach goals and accomplishments.

Driver

Drivers are decisive, determined and domineering. They enjoy doing things their way. Their independent personalities sometimes have problems letting others "take the wheel," and they don't often enjoy operating with others, according to Peter Urs Bender's "Guide to Strengths and Weaknesses of Personality Types." Control is important to drivers. They accomplish much, for they focus on the job and rarely become distracted by social influences. Drivers don't enjoy wasting time and are goal-oriented.

Relator

Relator personality types are nurturing, positive and helpful. They dislike rejection and react to pressure by withdrawing and becoming introspective. They value their close relationships and friendships and must be allowed to relax and know that they are cared about within the workplace. Relators don't enjoy confrontation and place a high value on mutual trust. They enjoy seeing others succeed.

Analytical

The analytical personality types don't enjoy making mistakes. They seek data and information before making a decision. They are supportive and patient, yet they sometimes set no time boundaries for themselves and therefore tend to not get things done, according to "Guide to Strengths and Weaknesses of Personality Types." Analytical personalities ask questions. They dislike not having the information necessary to have an appropriate answer. They are often seen as perfectionists.

Passive-Assertive-Aggressive

According to Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, one communication model includes the passive, assertive and aggressive personality types.

The passive personality type places others before themselves and feels that they are inferior. The passive personality looks down or away and has feelings of inferiority and self-anger.

The aggressive personality feels superior, uses a loud voice and stands up for self-rights while violating the rights of others. The aggressive personality is feared, is disrespected and has guilt and a low self-esteem.

The assertive personality believes that equality is the key to communication. Assertive personalities make direct eye contact, speak with firm voices and have high self-esteem while having self-respect and the respect from others.

Photo Credits

  • success in business image by Alexey Klementiev from Fotolia.com

About the Author

As a former elementary school teacher, Cheryl Starr now writes full-time from Missouri. Her work has appeared in various magazines, including "Teachers of Vision," "Insight" and "Highlights." She is currently writing a novel and a devotional book. Starr studied elementary education at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.