While you wouldn't want to bake a cake with only konjac flour, it can play an important role in baking as a gluten-free thickening product. Konjac flour, or konjac gum as is also called, has up to 10 times the viscosity of cornstarch, yet does not contain starch or sugar and has no calories. Use konjac flour along with whole-wheat flour to improve the texture of baked goods or put it to use to thicken pies, puddings and cakes.
Konjac flour is derived from the konjac plant, a native species of the subtropical and tropical regions of eastern Asia. Konjac is most commonly used in making Japanese favorites shirataki noodles and konnyaku, but is also used as a thickener in both cooking and baking both in the Japanese kitchen and elsewhere. The flour of the konjac plant is high in fiber and low in fat and serves as a viable alternative to other thickeners, especially for people dealing with gluten intolerance or celiac disease.
Baking With Konjac
While its main use in the kitchen for baking is as a thickening agent, konjac flour can also be mixed directly with flour when baking for an improved product. The inclusion of konjac helps to create soft, light and tender baked items and is commonly used in commercial bakeries for this purpose. Use 1 teaspoon of konjac flour per 1 cup of all-purpose or whole-wheat flour to improve the texture of baked cookies, cakes, biscuits and breads.
Thickening With Konjac
The most common use of konjac flour in baking is as a thickener. It can be added to pie fillings and puddings to improve their texture from watery to viscous with little work. Use 1 teaspoon of konjac flour to gel up to 1 cup of liquid, so use less if you're looking for a softer texture. Be sure to mix it with a cold liquid, such as water or other ingredients from your dish, before incorporating this mixture into hot fillings to prevent clumping. Konjac flour works when heated, so if you are mixing it with cold pie filling, it will not gel immediately.
Konjac Flour Tips
When using konjac flour as a thickener, measure the konjac flour carefully and don't be tempted to add more than needed, as this can ruin an item by making it overly thick or hard. Konjac flour can be boiled, but extended boiling after adding konjac flour can cause it to become runny and lose its viscosity once the item cools. If thickening a sauce, pie filling or pudding, do not boil the mixture for more than one minute after adding the konjac flour.