Sorghum is a grain crop grown in many parts of the world. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. While Americans do use sorghum, India and parts of Africa consider it a particularly valuable food source. Milling the grain like wheat to make flour is one way to use sorghum; however, this is not one of the better-known uses of the crop.
According to the Sorghum Grower’s Association, the most common use for sorghum in the United States is as feed for livestock. Horses, cattle, pigs and chickens all commonly eat sorghum feed. Farmers often mix sorghum with other grains to create blends for their livestock. Growing sorghum is a way to protect farmers in case of drought because it requires less water than other grains. This means that livestock will have food even in years without much rain.
People eat sorghum as a common cereal grain in many parts of the world. In the United States, cereal manufacturers use it less often than corn and oats, which grow well in this climate and are easier to process than sorghum. However, in the early 2000s there has been a renewed interest in sorghum cereals because the grain is gluten-free, so people who have trouble processing glutens can enjoy sorghum products instead of wheat, corn or oats.
In Africa and parts of Europe, Sorghum beer is nearly as common as brews made from barley or hops. Sorghum beer is gaining popularity in the United States and the rest of the world in the early 21st century because of a developing interest in microbrew and imported beer. Like other sorghum products, sorghum beer is gluten-free.
Manufacturers and farmers make syrup from sweet sorghum. The process is similar to making sugar from sugar cane. People use the syrup as an alternative to sugar or other sweeteners. According to the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service, sweet sorghum is an ideal addition to a small, diversified farm. This is because chickens and other livestock will eat part of the plant and farmers can make syrup out of the remaining plant parts.