Professional stylists use a variety of tools to create a cut. The most commonly used tools are shears (scissors) and straight razors. Each tool creates a different look and, for most cuts, one tool is not enough to create the entire cut.
Scissors and razors are two very unique tools. Professional shears are used in much the same way as other types of scissors. Hair-cutting razors resemble the straight razors used by men for shaving.
Scissors are used to create the majority of hairstyles. Popular scissor-cutting techniques include blunt cutting, point cutting, layering and blending. Razors are used on the ends of the hair to create a lighter, textured appearance. Razors are also used to thin hair and remove bulk.
Hair that has been cut with scissors is blunt and free of texture on the ends. Hair that has been razor cut, on the other hand, has a thin, feathery, textured appearance on the ends.
Each tool has specific uses. Scissors are used to create shape and remove a lot of hair. Razors are used to add texture and light layers.
The feathered ends of razored hair can make perming and styling difficult. While razored hair is perfect for wash-and-wear styles, it is not good for styles that require a curling iron.