Lace wigs are made by hand and tend to look more natural than mechanically made wigs. The material that is used in a lace wig was designed back in the 1970s. It does not have the capacity to stretch, which adds to the overall look of the wig. Ventilating is the method of tying hair strands to the base material. The process started during the reign of King Louis XVI of France and is still used today.
Items you will need
- Head-shaped wood block
- Base lace material
- Ventilating needle
- Hair strands
Know the hairstyle you want to create, as this will determine the direction the hair strands need to go. With the base material on the head-shaped wood block, use the ventilating needle to pull strands of hair through the holes in the base material. The ventilating needle resembles a fishing hook and can pick up a couple of strands of hair at a time. Start at the nape area. Use the ventilating needle to pull one to two strands of hair from the underneath side of the hole and through the hole. Fold the strand to make a loop, and put the curve of the hook into the loop. Pull it through the lace material.
Hold the loose end of the strand of hair with one hand while using the ventilating needle. Keep the loop on the hook and swing the hook around to grab the two strands that were made when the single hair strand was folded. If you have used two strands of hair, you will have a total of four strands that were created.
Bring those two strands (or four) up through the loop. This will form a knot around the lace material. Pull the knot tight and move to the next hole in the lace material.
Use this knot-tying process and work all the way up the back of the wig. As you work, try to mix subtle shades of the hair to create a more realistic hairpiece.
Once the back is complete, move to the sides and the front. At this point, only pull one strand of hair at a time through the hole. This creates very, small knots that are tight and hard to see.
The most challenging part of ventilating a lace wig is getting the placement and hair direction correct. Follow the pattern of the chosen hairstyle.
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