When you are preparing a speech about nursing homes, it is important to do so with clear objectives in mind. The purpose of your speech is to give your audience an understanding of what a nursing home is, the services that it provides, possible locations and how resident care is funded. Your speech must be delivered with authority as well as compassion. Organize your thoughts in a logical way and you will deliver a speech that is informative and interesting.
Begin by introducing yourself and telling your audience that you will be speaking about nursing homes. Clarify that nursing homes can offer skilled nursing and/or long-term care. Describe the difference between a skilled nursing facility and a long-term care nursing home. Explain that a skilled nursing facility offers care and support for people immediately following a hospital admission and the patient stays there until well enough to return home. Illustrate a situation in which a person can no longer safely remain at home, such as when he or she has frequent falls. Explain how long-term nursing care is appropriate for that situation.
Explain that a nursing home provides nursing care and personal assistance for people 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. Specify that nursing homes often provide specialized care for people with dementia or Alzheimer's disease; those who require hospice care for end of life support, rehabilitation and care following a stroke; and respite care for people living at home whose caretakers need a break. Each nursing home offers a specific type of care.
State that nursing homes can be situated inside a hospital or may stand on their own. Affirm that some families feel more comfortable having their loved one cared for in a facility that is adjoined to a hospital while others prefer more of a homelike setting. Many people want the nursing home to be located where it is most convenient for family and friends to visit. Emphasize that these decisions are personal ones and each family must decide what is most comfortable for them.
Explain that the guidelines of each state make it mandatory for all nursing home patients to be under the direct care of a doctor who reviews each patient's care and medication every month. Describe the categories of professionals who carry out the doctor's orders on a daily basis. These include skilled nurses and nursing-care assistants. Skilled nurses provide medication and administer medical procedures. Nursing assistants attend to the personal needs of the patient. Every nursing home has different stipulations for the ratio of nurses and assistants per patient.
Give details about the different forms of payment that nursing homes accept. Discuss private pay, health insurance, long-term care insurance, Medicare and Medicaid. Explain that each nursing home accepts different forms of payment and some nursing homes have Medicare and Medicaid beds. Patients are then able to move from one form of payment to another without having to move to another nursing home. Emphasize that the patient or family is required to pay for any expenses not covered by insurance.
Thank your audience for their time and attention. Encourage people to share their personal experiences, whether they were a patient in a nursing home or they have a loved one or friend who was or is a resident. End with a question-and-answer period and refer interested parties to the resource listed below for information pertaining to their particular geographical area.