The skin around the eye is the thinnest area of skin on your body, and therefore it is the most delicate, which means that the slightest irritation can cause puffiness. Puffiness around the eyes may be caused by a number of factors, including a salty diet, not enough sleep, allergies, aging and fluid retention. There are many ways to reduce the appearance of puffiness around the eyes, and fortunately most can be done at home.
Place a metal spoon in the freezer for 10 minutes. Remove the spoon and gently place it over a closed eyelid for 1 minute and then place it over the other closed eyelid for 1 minute. Alternate placing the spoon over closed eyelids until the spoon in no longer cold. Repeat steps as needed. You can also place two spoons in the freezer, and use them on both eyelids at the same time.
Place two wet tea bags in the freezer for approximately 10 minutes until they are frozen. While the tea bags are chilling, pour 1 tbsp. of olive oil on a small plate. Use a cotton ball to dab it in the olive oil, and wipe the olive oil over your eyelids. Remove the tea bags from the freezer and place them directly on your closed eyelids. Keep them there for 8 to 10 minutes and then wash the oil off your face.
Drink plenty of fluid throughout the day--8 to 10 glasses of water a day is optimal, depending on your weight. The more you weigh, the more you should drink. Puffiness around the eye can be caused by fluid retention.
Stimulate the blood vessels in your skin by gently tapping underneath your eyes. Use your index finger and tap underneath your eye, moving in a direction from one side of your eye to the other side. Don't tap too hard, as this my damage capillaries close to the surface of your skin, which will cause redness.
Nothing prevents general puffiness around the eyes like sleep. Be sure to get enough quality sleep at night--most adults need at least 8 hours.
Cut out salt from your diet or avoid foods high in sodium. Putting salt into your body will cause water retention and may cause your eyes to puff up.
When you sleep, elevate your head 3 to 6 inches, depending on comfort level. Elevating your head will use gravity to prevent fluid from accumulating in your lower lids.
Puffiness around your eyes can be hereditary. If the puffiness doesn't go away after a few home remedies, talk to your dermatologist. You may have bags under your eyes due to aging or skin damage. As you age, your skin, especially the delicate skin under your eyes, loses elasticity and gravity causes fat to bulge out under the eye. Similarly, when your skin is damaged by sun exposure or smoking, it will weaken and will begin to bulge out due to gravity.
Consult your doctor if swelling does not go down after a week of treatment, or if there is redness and irritation around the eye.