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In your 20s, it doesn't take much effort to keep your skin looking healthy and radiant. Once you pass 30, though, you may start to notice fine lines, dullness, sun spots and other signs of aging. Use products designed for your skin's specific needs to erase some of the damage and prevent new problems from cropping up.
Your face gets drier in your 30s, and that can make your skin more prone to wrinkles. A daily moisturizer is a vital tool for keeping skin hydrated. Opt for a moisturizer that's loaded with antioxidants, such as vitamin C, pomegranate and green or white tea. These antioxidants destroy free radicals that break down collagen in your skin. Skin is especially sensitive to the sun's UV rays, so use a moisturizer that contains SPF 15 or 30 to ward off damage. Protect delicate eye skin with an anti-aging eye cream.
Skin-cell turnover slows down after you turn 30, so your complexion may start to look dull. Exfoliating at least twice a week keeps your face looking radiant. When you exfoliate, dead skin cells are buffed away for instant brightening. Use a cleanser or exfoliating cream that contains salicylic or glycolic acid. These acids remove patchy, dry skin and help ward off adult acne. Products that contain synthetic microbeads are gentler on skin than ones with large, irregularly shaped particles.
Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A that deliver an array of anti-aging benefits. They're designed to boost cell turnover, smooth fine lines, increase collagen and unclog blocked pores. The strongest retinoids, such as tretinoin, are only available by prescription. You can also buy less-potent types, called retinols, over the counter at many drugstores. Retinoids may cause irritation until your skin gets used to the product. To avoid this, apply a retinoid every three nights for the first two weeks of use. Put on a retinoid at least 15 minutes after washing your face, and only use a pea-size amount.
Whenever you tan or get a sunburn, damage builds up inside your skin. In your 30s and beyond; that damage starts to rise to the surface layer of skin, causing spots, discoloration or mottled patterns to appear on your face. Products that contain hydroquinone lighten spots by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme that's responsible for pigment production. Creams containing niacinamide also help fade dark patches. Tripeptide treatments smooth skin and ease superficial pigmentation. Intense pulse light (IPL) treatments, available from dermatologists, reduce excess brown pigment and red discoloration.
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