Blackheads, also known as comedones, are formed when pores or hair follicle openings fill with dead skin cells, sebum and bacteria. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there is no overnight cure for blackheads. However, you can use treatments to eliminate current blackheads and reduce the inflammation they cause. Further treatment such as changes in your diet and lifestyle will treat blackheads and acne long term. Always consult your dermatologist before using products on your skin if you're also using prescription medication for your skin condition.
Hold your hair back using a headband to fully cleanse your skin without introducing oils and bacteria from your hair.
Cleanse your skin with lukewarm water and a gentle soap to remove impurities without further irritating your skin. You can use a soap that contains organic tea tree essential oil. Its high antimicrobial properties help disinfect your skin, notes acupuncturist David Crow in his book, “The Pharmacy of Flowers.”
Pat your skin dry using a soft hand towel. Lean over a pot of hot water, covering your head with a towel to trap the steam rising from the pot. The hot steam will help open your pores so sebum and debris can be exfoliated from your skin.
Take a pinch of sea salt and mix it with a teaspoon of raw honey. Exfoliate by rubbing gently in circular motions. According to herbalist Rosemary Gladstar in her book “Family Herbal -- A Guide to Living Life with Energy, Health and Vitality,” raw honey is antimicrobial and also helps moisturize and nourish your skin. The salt helps cleanse impurities from your pores to restore their natural balance.
Rinse your skin with lukewarm water and pat dry.
Spray on witch hazel toner. It has astringent qualities that help close your cleansed pores to avoid the reintroduction of bacteria and impurities.
Apply an oil-free moisturizing cream to keep your skin hydrated. Wear only oil-free makeup to avoid clogging your pores.
Don’t pinch or squeeze your blackheads or you run the risk of spreading bacteria to other parts of your skin and introducing infection from dirt under your fingernails.