A blackhead occurs on your skin, often in the T-zone area, when the sebum, or oil, becomes trapped in the pore, oxidizes and forms a darkened plug. This condition affects all types of skin, but is more prevalent in those with oily skin. You can remove blackheads from your skin on your own, but at-home treatments are not a substitute for medical treatment. Consult with your healthcare provider to discuss any potential risks.
Mix 1 tsp. of baking soda with 1 pint of distilled water in a clean container. The baking soda mixture helps loosen up the plug in the pore that causes the blackhead to form, according to Michelle Occhipinto, staff writer for DERMADoctor.com.
Moisten the washcloth with warm water and place on the area where you want to remove the blackhead. You can also take a warm shower beforehand instead of using a warm compress. The steam from the washcloth or shower helps to prepare your skin area by opening the pores to loosen the blackhead.
Dip the cotton squares in the baking soda and water solution to saturate. Squeeze out the excess before applying to the skin with the blackhead. Apply to the skin area and leave on for approximately 10 minutes.
Separate an unused cotton square into layers and saturate with the astringent. Wrap each square on your index fingers and cover your nail area. Position the cotton squares on opposite sides of the blackhead, and press straight downward onto the skin while applying gentle pressure to force out the blackhead.
If you are attempting to remove a blackhead from the nose area, instead of pressing downward into the skin, place your fingers vertically while applying pressure.
In addition, a metallic extractor may be used instead of squeezing with your fingers. To use the extractor, place the hole over the follicle and apply pressure to the tool.
Wash your skin daily with an exfoliating cleanser that contains benzoyl peroxide. Cleansing your face helps to clean off the sebum and dirt, which helps reduce the buildup in your pores.
Do not apply too much pressure to the skin when attempting to squeeze out the blackhead. Too much pressure can bruise the tissue area surrounding the follicle and may cause scarring.
If the blackhead does not come out easily, it is not ready and should be left alone to prevent scarring. You may notice redness or inflammation in the area where you removed the blackhead.