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What Does Twice Removed Mean in a Family Tree?

by Judy Kilpatrick

Constructing your family tree can be an interesting endeavor, but explaining the relationships among various family members can be confusing, especially when it comes to cousins. Whether a cousin is described as second or "twice removed" depends on whether you are in the same generation.

Two Generations Apart

The term "twice removed" refers to a cousin who is two generations older or younger than you. Your first cousins are the children of your parents' siblings. These cousins share a set of grandparents with you and are in your generation. Your parents have first cousins who share a set of grandparents with them. Your parents' first cousins are not in your generation, so they are your first cousins "once removed." Your grandparents' first cousins are two generations apart from you -- first cousins "twice removed."

Not to Be Confused With Second Cousins

The biggest confusion faced by genealogists when sorting out cousins is to keep the generations straight. Cousins who are the same number of generations removed from a common ancestor are first, second, third and so on. It is cousins who do not share the same generation that are described as "removed."

About the Author

For Judy Kilpatrick, gardening is the best mental health therapy of all. Combining her interests in both of these fields, Kilpatrick is a professional flower grower and a practicing, licensed mental health therapist. A graduate of East Carolina University, Kilpatrick writes for national and regional publications.

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