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How to Teach Kids to Write Introductions & Conclusions for an Essay

by Nadia Haris

You can help teach kids how to write an inspiring and creative essay. Learning how an essay is structured helps them break the task into smaller parts that they can tackle one at a time. A compelling introduction will set up the essay and a clear and concise conclusion leaves the reader with the main idea and points.

Determine what the essay is about. Some essay questions might ask whether you are for or against an issue. Kids should first think about what the question is asking and how they will approach it.

Write the introduction so it clearly states the response to the essay question. Kids could write, "This article aims to show that students will perform better in school if they start later in the day." Next, students should mention the reasons why they believe that and the points they'll make to support their positions. This can include statements such as "Having too little sleep makes kids less able to focus in class."

Craft a compelling first sentence to catch readers' interest and make them curious enough to read the essay. The first sentence could be something along the lines of "What if you had an extra hour or two to sleep and eat breakfast every morning?" The first few sentences of the essay set up the tone and voice of the essay.

Ensure that the introduction outlines what will be discussed in the rest of essay. Briefly mention the points that will back up the topic statement. The introduction should present main arguments on the question or issue.

Synthesize, in the conclusion, the points made in the essay. This will be a restatement of the topic statement in the introduction, but in different words. Kids need to show readers how the essay answered the question or proved a position on the issue.

Use phrases such as "as the above examples show" or "in summary" in your conclusion to end your essay. This paragraph is an opportunity to make a point one last time. Don't simply restate what has been already said in the introduction and body of your essay. State the case by making an argument in a slightly different way. Don't bring up any new points in the conclusion.

Leave readers with ideas to think about in the conclusion. Demonstrate how the expressed ideas work together, such as "As this essay shows, beginning school one to two hours later will result in more effective learning for kids and less stress for parents."

Tip

  • Introductions and conclusions should each be only one paragraph.

About the Author

Nadia Haris is a registered radiation therapist who has been writing about nutrition for more than six years. She is completing her Master of Science in nutrition with a focus on the dietary needs of oncology patients.

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