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Stages of Child Development From 6 to 10 Years Old

by Victoria Thompson

You watched your little one march off to school with a back pack full of books and pencils. The 6 to 10 year old is actively becoming a part of the school environment and his neighborhood, engaged with activities and new friendships. Even though this age group goes through some levels of maturation in this developmental stage, parents play an important role to provide guidance.

Physical

Children have high energy levels at this age and like to compete with others. Muscle coordination is improved and they can better participate in physical activities like running, playing ball, climbing and swimming. This age group may develop interests in more challenging activities like dancing and playing on organized sports teams.

Social and Emotional

The 6 to 10 year old has been socialized with children his age at school. He values peer acceptance and has a preference for playing with same sex friends. At this age, he mainly engages in stereotypical gender specific activities. The child in this age group is more responsible since he understands rules and consequences. He may even desire to add some rules of his own to show his independence. This group does understand right from wrong, but may need to be redirected at times.

Cognitive

Children in these years are inquisitive about the outside world and are full of questions. Women's and Children's Health Network states, "They can absorb information with enthusiasm and they frequently remember remarkable detail about subjects that interest them." The average child can express "complex" ideas by age nine and has developed a preference for school subjects. The child in this age group can't fully make connections since he is still a concrete thinker and isn't too concerned with abstract ideas. To fully progress cognitively, 6 to 10 year olds need to feel supported and nurtured.

Speech Language

The child is maturing from baby talk and using more extensive speech. By age 7, he is speaking easily in his home language. It is important that parents model language correctly for children to imitate. Parents should read to the child often to increase vocabulary and help him learn proper intonation. He is also starting to read independently and use tenses correctly within sentences. By 8, he can talk on the phone with confidence. If the child develops difficulties in speech, he should be screened by a speech therapist to correct the difficulties early.

About the Author

Based in North Carolina, Victoria Thompson has taught middle school for the past 15 years. She holds a Masters of Education in middle school instruction from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She teaches English daily to English as a second language students.

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