A recruiter is a human resources specialist that assists organizations in hiring employees who not only meet the qualifications for specific positions, but are also good fits for a business's culture and vision. Recruiting professionals work directly for employers, through employee placement agencies and other human resources firms that provide recruitment consulting services to businesses. A recruiter is often the first person with whom a potential employee speaks when applying for a job.
Generally, employers prefer entry-level recruiters to have a bachelor’s degree in human resources, psychology, business administration or a related discipline, according to the U.S, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Some recruiters get their training on-the-job. Along with the educational requirements, recruiters must have good communication and sales skills because they need to find the best-qualified candidates -- and then promote the organization offering the position to the applicant. Recruiters must be detail-oriented and organized because they review large numbers of resumes and speak to numerous potential candidates on a daily basis. Most recruiters work full time.
While some recruiters qualify and select job applicants for a variety of openings within an organization, some specialize in specific industries and disciplines. Examples include healthcare, engineering, information technology, administrative and executive-level positions. Recruiters often build a large network of professionals to assist them with their recruiting efforts to find qualified candidates. An understanding of specific occupations and industries is often key to a recruiter's success.
To find qualified candidates, recruiters use a variety of resources such as Internet job boards, newspapers and social networking. Some travel extensively to job fairs. After reviewing resumes and applications, recruiters screen candidates and select applicants for interviews with specific hiring managers. They then typically manage the interview and hiring process, scheduling interviews with the hiring manager, as well as contacting the applicant’s references and negotiating job offers and salaries. They also often test applicants, which can include skills and personality assessments, drug testing and criminal background checks.
Careers and Salary
Between 2010 and 2020, the Bureau of Labor Statistics expects about 21 percent growth for all human resources specialists, which includes recruiters. Because businesses continue to outsource many human resources functions, the largest majority of job openings will be in the employee placement services industry. The BLS also notes that the median annual wage for human resource specialists in May 2010 was $52,690.
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Human Resources Specialists
- Robert Half International: Salary Guides
- Kimberly Miller; Recruiting Consultant; Philadelphia, PA
- Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images