Grocery stores stock shelf after shelf of jelly varieties, but some of the best tasting jellies can be made right in your own kitchen with your favorite fruit juices and the right recipe. Most recipes call for an acid such as lemon juice to help transform the fruit juice into jelly. Adding the lemon juice and following your chosen jelly recipe meticulously, ensures good results.
An acid, like lemon juice, works with natural fruit pectin to form insoluble fibers, which promote gel formation by absorbing juice. Fruit cannot turn to jelly without adequate amounts of acid. Too little acid and gel will not form. Too much acid and the gel that does form loses liquidity. Fruits that do not contain enough acid to form jelly require additional acids to get the job done.
Most jelly recipes call for lemon juice as the standard, but you may substitute citric acid -- usually sold in powdered form -- in place of it. The two acids are not equal in volume, so you must adjust the amount of ingredients when substituting. Use 1/8 teaspoon of citric acid for every tablespoon of lemon juice. You may also use vinegar -- 2 tablespoons in place of every tablespoon of lemon juice -- but this may alter the taste of the jelly.
A simple test helps to determine if lemon juice is needed. Add 1 teaspoon of bottled lemon juice to a small cup. Add 3 tablespoon of water and 1/2 teaspoon sugar to the lemon juice and stir. Take a sip of the lemon juice, then take a sip of the fruit juice. The fruit juice you are using for jelly should taste as tart as the lemon juice. If it doesn’t, more acid is needed.
Just as too little acid makes jelly-making close to impossible, too much acid results in instability. Proper ratios of acid to fruit juice are important. Don’t overdo it with the lemon juice. For every 1 cup of fruit juice, add 1 tablespoon lemon juice Avoid using more than 8 cups of juice when making a single batch of jelly. Larger amounts of fruit juice rarely yield well-formed jelly.
- University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service: The Science of Jam and Jelly Making
- Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: Canning: Fruit Spreads
- University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension: Making Jams, Jellies and Fruit Preserves
- The Ohio State University: Jams, Jellies and Other Fruit Spreads
- Eising/Photodisc/Getty Images