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Pros & Cons for Women Joining the Military

by Melody Dawn

Women join the military for many of the same reasons men do, but they frequently face challenges that male soldiers do not have, including balancing female family roles and privacy. Despite these challenges, women can benefit and contribute in many ways and improve and strengthen our nation's fighting force.

Education Financing

The military will pay the entire cost of tuition for an enlisted soldier, regardless of rank. It's possible to enroll in online classes or attend classes during off-duty hours. The GI Bill also allows you to take advantage of free tuition once you finish your active duty. This is excellent for those who do not want to accrue student loans and for those who do not have the financial means. If you get your degree when you are on active duty, once you leave the military you will be ahead of many applicants by having the education and experience you need.

Health Care

The military offers some of the best health care, because it is always available to you regardless of where you are living. If you have a family, it can be a huge relief knowing their health care is taken care of and you will not have large medical bills to take care of. The military will pay for most of your doctor's visits, including medicine and wellness visits.

Physical Strength

One downside to being a woman in the military is you must perform the same tasks as your male counterparts. A 120-pound woman will need to carry the same weight as a 210-pound man. If your job is to load tanks and you have to lift 50-pound containers of shells, you will have to increase your strength and not complain about the task. In some instances, women do not have the same body strength to perform heavy tasks, especially when you are half the size.

Balancing Family

Women often have a more difficult time with separation from their families than male soldiers do. According to a 2009 Pew Research Center Survey -- a nonpartisan think tank that informs the public about current issues -- more than 60 percent of women with families would prefer to work part-time. For this reason alone, time away from family is one of the main reasons women decide to leave the military.

Harassment and Sexual Assault

Women deal with sexual assault and harassment far more than male soldiers do. According to the Department of Veteran Affairs, nearly 15 percent of Iraq and Afghanistan women veterans screened positive for military sexual assault. Many of the instances go unreported, because women fear retaliation from ranked officers. Harassment and assault can come from fellow soldiers and soldiers from other countries if you become a prisoner of war.

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