Teens learn about life by testing the boundaries parents, schools and society place on behavior. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry notes, "At times, all teenagers are oppositional, argumentative, and inattentive." The academy also finds teens occasionally respond with belligerence or passivity. Parents can reduce defiant teen behavior by establishing guidelines and consistently enforcing these rules. Professional assistance helps teens with oppositional defiant disorder, an emotional condition marked by regular hostile and defiant behavior that seriously disrupts the teen's life.
Teens with a set of clear rules for behavior have less room for defiance based on confusion about home and school rules. You may view your teen's behavior as defiant, but your teen may simply be exhibiting normal risk taking. Fairfax County Department of Special Services recommends involving teens in establishing rules to avoid what appears as defiant behavior. Teens agreeing to the rules make occasional mistakes, but the cooperation involved in the rule making makes it less likely your teen defiantly rebels against the standards. Lynn E. Ponton, board certified psychiatrist, says all teens take risks and use these risks to "define and develop his or her identity." Clear rules for the adolescent help define healthy risk-taking key, keep your teen safe and reduce parent-teen tensions.
Punishments for improper teen behavior outline specific actions for misbehavior. Your teen then understands and expects specific punishment after failing to act appropriately. Adolescent psychologist Don Fontenelle suggests involving your teen in defining punishments for inappropriate behavior as a way to reduce misbehavior and teen defiance.
Teens sometimes feel the need for defiance when standards become impossible to predict. Parents may give the teen restrictions for violating the home curfew one night, for example, while ignoring when the teen misses the required curfew time on another evening. The punishment in this case appears random and arbitrary. Consistent enforcement reduces defiant teen behavior, according to the Missoula City County Health Department.
Incentives use rewards to change defiant behavior. The Fairfax County Department of Special Services recommends opening channels of communication with teens and offering unconditional love, respect and appreciation. Open communication channels require listening by both parent and teen. The department also recommends including your teen in determining the incentives for good behavior. Licensed psychologist Jeffrey Bernstein claims rewards show you appreciate your teen and also appreciate your teen's appropriate behavior. This also shows your teen that your appreciation involves two separate issues -- your teen as a person and your teen's behavior.
Adolescents learn behavior by watching adults. Parents who model meeting important rules encourage teens to also follow the standards. Adults who flaunt rule breaking encourage teens to do the same. When teens receive reprimands for modeling the same behavior as the adult, the adolescent may become defiant when faced with the obvious dual standard, according to the University of Delaware College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Cooperative Extension.
- American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Your Adolescent -- Oppositional Defiant Disorder
- Fairfax County Public Schools: Positive Discipline -- Dealing with Challenging Behaviors
- Psychology Today: Liking the Child You Love -- Key Points to a Less Defiant Child or Teen
- Behavioral Institute for Children and Adolescents: Tips for Parents of Difficult Teens
- Missoula City -- County Health Department: Survival Guide for Parents of Teens
- University of Delaware College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Cooperative Extension: Kids in the Marketplace Series -- Teens in the Marketplace
- Pearson Education FamilyEducation.com: Setting Rules -- Expectations and Consequences for Your Teen
- Your Defiant Teen -- 10 Steps to Resolve Conflict and Rebuild Your Relationship; Russell A. Barkley, et al.
- New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service: Understanding Teens
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