Middle School Essay Types

by Lee Grayson

Most education curriculum builds on language arts basics taught beginning in elementary school, and middle school essay lessons prepare students for more sophisticated writing assignments in high school. Middle school students learn the essay basics of describing, demonstrating, storytelling, summarizing and persuading. Instructors typically assign essay formats that ask for narrative writing, where writers tell a story, and advance to more complicated writing, including persuasive topics that require students to state and defend a position.

Informative Prompts

Informative essays provide general information for the reader. Informative essay topics geared toward middle school students focus on student hobbies and activities such as information about the history of football, skateboarding or gymnastics. Middle school history and science teachers frequently require informative writing to help students learn to use research. Sample topics for this essay type include biographies of famous politicians and informative accounts of important scientists and inventors.

Descriptive Essays

The descriptive essay type asks middle school students to write about an object, person, situation, experience, emotion or place from a personal perspective. Students use more personal interpretation in this writing assignment compared to the informative essay. Descriptive essays help students develop vivid language skills and incorporates description that uses the student's senses. Essays written in the storytelling format typically spend less time on details compared with the descriptive assignment. Sample middle school topics ask students to write about favorite clothing, most embarrassing experiences and times when the student felt strong emotions such as fear or anger.

Demonstration and How-To Topics

Demonstration essay topics follow the how-to format and explain a process. Middle school writing assignments for this essay type ask students to select a prompt to write about a process that the student feels comfortable completing. Authors with experience in cooking or sports frequently select topics demonstrating how to cook pasta or kick a field goal. The topics have a narrow focus so that students can complete the demonstration process in the number of words required by the assignment. Overly general topics, such as how to cook meals, take too long to detail, while topics too focused, such as how to dial a phone, fail to offer enough information for the student to write a well-developed essay.

Narrative or Storytelling Essays

The narrative essay type used in middle school classes ask students to tell a story or describe a student experience. Students learn the skills to develop an essay with a distinct beginning, middle and ending, so some teachers use this type of essay as an early assignment for middle school classes. Narrative prompts ask students to create a logical organization for the reader. Sample assignment topics include describing an important time when the student had to make a decision, events that happened on a trip or vacation and a recreation of an event from history.

Persuasive Writing

Middle school students typically write persuasive essays on prompts focused on topics the student deals with during an ordinary day. The author must develop an answer to the topic question asked or develop a position supporting or opposing a debatable prompt. Topics used in social studies classes for early middle school students ask for an opinion about the school punishments for truancy and misbehavior. Middle school students in language arts classes typically receive prompts that require writing essays defending personal interpretations of short stories or novels.

About the Author

*I have written chapters and articles for Oxford and Harvard University Presses, ABC-CLIO, and others. Arcadia Press published two of my local history texts and I have also written for numerous "article sites," including Pagewise in 2002. My "How to become a...real estate agent" is available as an online text from a Canadian publisher. *I taught writing courses at a branch campus of Indiana University. *I held a California real estate license and have remodeled four of my own homes and advised others on financing homes, repairing credit to qualify for loans, and managing construction (including meeting local, state, and federal regulations for restoration and development grants). *I served as an AmeriCorps*VISTA volunteer and wrote nearly $75,000 in small education grants (under $1,000). *My travels include frequent road trips in Canada, Mexico, U.S., and Europe. I attended school at Cambridge University and used this as a base to explore the UK and Europe.

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