Administrators most often have a broad set of operational duties, including human resources, accounting, compliance and information technology, but may not always be involved in strategic or organizational-level decision-making. They A non-exhaustive list of types of administrators include network administrators, health services administrators, human resources administrators and education administrators.
Education and Training
While a bachelor's degree is sufficient for most administrator positions, some positions such as post-secondary administrators or agency administrators require a master's degree in the field or possibly an MBA. Most administrators have several years of relevant industry experience, including at least a couple of years working in a management capacity.
Human Resources Administrators
A human resources administrator oversees the human resource functions of an organization. Most have a bachelor's degree in human resources or business administration. Depending on the size of the organization, they might supervise an HR staff or undertake most hiring, training, employee liaison and other HR-related duties themselves. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects about average job growth of 13 percent for human resources managers through 2020.
Health Services Administrators
The miracles of 21st-century health care would not be possible without the hard work of health services administrators. They plan, budget and direct the delivery of health care services. These professionals typically have at least an undergraduate degree in health services, health administration or business administration, and many have a master's in public health or health services. Job prospects are excellent for health services administrators, with the BLS anticipating a robust 22 percent job growth through 2020.
Network administrators are where the buck stops when it comes to information technology in most organizations. In fact, in many smaller organizations, the network admin is the IT department. They are responsible for installing and maintaining any information technology the organization uses, including computer and communication networks. Network administrators typically have an undergraduate degree in computer science, information technology, or occasionally electrical engineering. Given the increasing demand for information technology in the modern business world, the BLS is projecting a strong 28 percent job growth for network admins through 2020.
Education administrators are employed at the federal, state and local level. Local school districts often hire school administrators to help run new programs or lead a campaign to improve test scores. Colleges and universities also hire a large number of educational administrators to assist in running all phase of their operations. Increasing college enrollment has led the BLS to project a solid 19 percent job growth for post-secondary education administrators from through 2020.
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: OOH -- Human Resources Managers
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: OOH -- Medical and Health Services Managers
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: OOH -- Network and Computer Systems Administrators
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: OOH -- Post-Secondary Education Administrators
- Navy: Careers & Jobs: Health Care Administration
- Princeton Review: Career: School Administrator
- Thinkstock Images/Comstock/Getty Images