Security officers work in a variety of settings, from private companies to United States government departments. Each job is unique and has specific requirements set by company policy. Some basic policies are fairly universal for most security officers and may affect an individual seeking employment in the profession.
Most companies seeking security officers require potential hires to pass a background check. The background check may include the prospective security officer’s driving record, financial records, criminal history, past employers, educational history and court documents, according to the Privacy Rights Clearing House website. The level of the background check may depend on the security officer’s responsibilities. For instance, the company may not order an applicant's driving history if he won't be driving company videos.
Physical Fitness Policies
Depending on the job description, a company may require a security officer to pass a physical examination by a doctor. According to ''Security'' magazine, a physically fit security officer improves officer and organization safety. Generally, the health provider checks the security officer’s vital signs and does a basic physical exam. The officer is also required to complete a patient history and disclose any current and previous health conditions. In additional to the physical exam, some employers may require the security officer to pass a fitness test, which may include running or performing other exercises.
Alcohol and Drug Screening
Employers generally prohibit their employees from using alcohol or other substances on the job. However, security officers are often held to a higher standard and must avoid use even when they aren't on duty. Before hiring a security officer, most companies require the applicant to pass a drug screen. The type and method used may vary by company. For instance, some companies may do a urine drug screen while others take a mouth swab for testing. Random drug testing of security officers is often done to ensure no drugs are in their systems. Also, any prescription or over-the-counter drugs the security officer is taking must be reported to his administrator.
Depending on the hiring company and job responsibilities, a company policy may state that a security officer must complete specified training. Some areas of training and certification include cardiopulmonary resuscitation certification, firearms training, baton training and handcuff training. This training is essential and is generally a requirement for armed security officers.
Sexual Harassment Policies
Like any professional, security officers are held to high standards regarding sexual harassment. Since a security officer may come into contact with many different people who may not be employees of the same company, maintaining professional conduct is essential. Any previous claims of sexual harassment or domestic violence may prevent a security officer from gainful employment in the field.
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