Although jobs in some fields are difficult to find, there is high demand in other industries and they often command high salaries. Some of these jobs are in science fields, information technology and health care in occupations such as physicians and surgeons, pharmacists, software developers and geoscientists.
My Daughter, the Doctor
Physicians and surgeons include many different medical specialists, such as internists, anesthesiologists, pediatricians, obstetrician-gynecologists and family practice doctors. In all cases, these medical professionals attend college, medical school and complete a clinical residency. Many also follow up with extra training in specialty fellowships. All states require a license and many physicians and surgeons are also board certified, although certification may be optional. Salaries ranged from $167,640 for pediatricians to $232,830 for anesthesiologists in 2012, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Job growth is expected to be 24 percent between 2010 and 2012, faster than the average for all occupations.
Prescription Pill Dispensing
Pharmacists are another group in high demand, according to the BLS, with a projected job growth of 25 percent between 2010 and 2020. Like physicians, pharmacists are highly educated and must have a doctorate, although a pharmacist doesn’t usually spend quite as much time in training. Pharmacists must be licensed in all states and must pass two licensing exams. The first exam is a national level test and the second is specific to the state in which they apply for a license. The average annual salary for pharmacists was $114,950 in 2012.
Designing Computer Systems
Software developers are the only members of this group who do not generally have an advanced degree -- a bachelor’s degree is the usual educational preparation for this occupation. In some cases, however, a master’s degree may be required, according to the BLS. These information system experts may develop the software that performs certain functions or applications, such as games or electronic records, or the operating systems that computers use. Developers in some specialized occupations may need knowledge of the industry in which they work in addition to software development training. Expected job growth is quite high -- 30 percent between 2010 and 2020. Salaries in 2012 ranged from $93,280 to $102,550, depending on the type of work performed.
An Earthy Discipline
The job growth for geoscientists is projected to be 21 percent from 2010 to 2020, which is greater than average, according to the BLS. Geoscientists work in a number of different specialties, including engineering geology, geology, geochemistry, geophysics, oceanography, paleontology, petroleum geology and seismology. Entry-level occupations require a bachelor’s degree but most research or college teaching positions require a doctorate. Geologists earned an average annual salary of $106,780 in 2012, according to the BLS.
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Physicians and Surgeons
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates United States
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Pharmacists
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Software Developers
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Geoscientists
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