Diagnostic Radiology Salaries

by Fred Decker
Radiologists help other doctors with diagnosis by interpreting medical imagery.

Radiologists help other doctors with diagnosis by interpreting medical imagery.

For most of human history, healers have relied on observation and educated guesswork to diagnose illnesses. Those are still important skills, but modern physicians can call on a variety of more reliable diagnostic tools. One of those is radiology, the use of X-rays, magnetic fields and other technologies to provide images of living tissues within the body. Salaries in radiology are generous, for both doctors and technologists.


Radiologists are fully trained doctors who specialize in the use of radiologic technologies and interpreting the results. They primarily provide diagnostic support and consulting services to other doctors, rather than treating patients directly. A 2011 special issue of "Modern Healthcare" magazine, reviewing major physician salary surveys, reported average incomes ranging from $400,000 to $562,500 a year for radiologists. Interventional radiologists, who use medical imaging to perform minimally invasive surgical procedures using miniature instruments, tend to earn more than conventional radiologists. A 2012 survey by the American Medical Group Association reported a median salary of $459,186 a year for non-interventional radiologists, but $485,277 a year for interventional radiologists.

Imaging Technologists

Although interpreting medical images is a radiologist's primary task, a variety of skilled technologists usually create those images. A 2010 salary survey performed by the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, or ASRT, provided detailed salary figures for many technologists. General radiographers, or X-ray technologists, reported an average salary of $53,953 a year. Radiographers who specialized in mammograms averaged $60,263 per year, and CT scanning technologists earned an average of $60,586 a year. MRI technologists earned more, at $65,099 per year. Sonographers averaged $68,821 a year, while nuclear medicine technologists reported an average salary of $70,822 per year.

Non-Imaging Technologists

Some technologists use radiologic technology to perform diagnostic or therapeutic functions other than imaging. For example, bone densitometrists use X-rays to determine the density of patients' bones, an important test for osteoporosis and osteopenia. Their average salary was $56,521 per year, according to ASRT. Radiation therapists also work with X-rays, but apply them in carefully measured doses as a treatment for cancers and other diseases. Although they're part of the radiology lab, they work more with oncologists than radiologists. Radiation therapists responding to the ASRT study reported an average income of $79,125 per year.

Radiology Training

Like other doctors, radiologists begin their careers with four years of undergraduate schooling, then spend four more in a medical or osteopathic college. After graduation, they spend one year in a general internship and four more in a radiological residency. Interventional radiologists and other specialists typically spend one more year in a specialized fellowship, learning more advanced skills. Radiologic technologists typically earn a two-year associate degree, beginning as radiographer, sonographer or nuclear medicine technologist. Through training, experience and professional certification, some specialize further in mammography, CT scanning or other technologies.

About the Author

Fred Decker is a trained chef and certified food-safety trainer. Decker wrote for the Saint John, New Brunswick Telegraph-Journal, and has been published in Canada's Hospitality and Foodservice magazine. He's held positions selling computers, insurance and mutual funds, and was educated at Memorial University of Newfoundland and the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology.

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