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Can We Refreeze Frozen Vegetables?

by Fred Decker

Freezing meats and vegetables is a convenient way to preserve their fresh flavor for later use. However, it imposes a degree of planning on your meal preparations. Forgetting to thaw a crucial ingredient can be seriously inconvenient, and failing to use a thawed ingredient can be wasteful. However, if you've thawed your vegetables safely and carefully, they can often be re-frozen for another occasion.

Safe Thawing

If you want to keep the option of re-freezing your unused vegetables, the first step is thawing them properly. The only way to ensure they thaw completely without ever reaching an unsafe temperature is to do it overnight in your refrigerator. A properly-running fridge keeps foods at or below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, the cut-off for the food safety "danger zone." It's possible to safely thaw your vegetables in the microwave or under cold running water, but they'll need to be used right away and shouldn't be re-frozen.

Safe Handling

Ensuring that your vegetables remain food safe while they're thawed is also important. Perishable foods should never be out of the fridge for longer than two hours in total, so leave your vegetables in the refrigerator unless you're actively cooking with them. Keep your hands, utensils and work surfaces scrupulously clean, washing them regularly with hot, soapy water. Never use the same utensils or cutting board for meats and then vegetables, especially if the meats are raw.

Re-Freezing

Return your unused vegetables to the fridge as quickly as you can and package them for re-freezing at your earliest opportunity. Use small, flat containers or bags, which will freeze more quickly than large packages. Bags or plastic wrap should be heavy-duty to minimize the risk of freezer burn and lost quality. Vacuum food sealers are the best because they remove almost all air from the packaging. That helps improve your storage life.

A Few Tips

Freezing vegetables causes the water in their cells to change into ice crystals, which expand and rupture the cell walls. This causes a loss of texture and quality every time you thaw and re-freeze a vegetable. They'll remain food safe if you follow good food-handling procedure, but it's better to package them in single-meal portions to avoid having to re-freeze an unused quantity. Blanch and freeze homegrown vegetables in small bags or containers, and divide large bags of store-bought frozen vegetables into smaller quantities. This results in faster freezing, which minimizes the size of the ice crystals and reduces the loss of quality when they're thawed.

References

About the Author

Fred Decker is a trained chef and certified food-safety trainer. Decker wrote for the Saint John, New Brunswick Telegraph-Journal, and has been published in Canada's Hospitality and Foodservice magazine. He's held positions selling computers, insurance and mutual funds, and was educated at Memorial University of Newfoundland and the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology.

Photo Credits

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