Human resource management has a history dating back to 1833 and Great Britain's Factory Act. During the Industrial Revolution, many workers migrated from farming lives to factory existences, and human resource management evolved to deal with them. Since 1833, HR professionals have grown in number and have also gradually added to their skillsets. The glue holding many organizations' human resource management efforts together is the HR generalist. HR generalists generally possess four-year degrees, whiles others combine experience and an HR generalist certificate.
Human Resource Generalists
Human resource generalists have diverse job duties in organizations having a need for their services. For one, HR generalists are expected to help out in all aspects of an organization's human resource function. An HR generalist, for example, might have job duties that include recruiting and staffing, updating personnel files and overseeing employee relations counseling, and conducting exit interviews. Additionally, many HR generalists review employee performance evaluations to ensure accuracy and adherence to company policies and procedures on evaluations.
HR Generalist Salaries
The Bureau of Labor Statistics contains data on human resources managers and their median salary. According to BLS, the salary for an HR manager in 2012 was $99,720, though such managers might occupy positions more senior than generalists with certificates might fill. The Career Bliss website also lists more than 1,900 specific HR generalist salaries. According to Career Bliss, the base pay or base salary for an HR generalist is $53,000, which is typically more in line with generalist job duties at many organizations.
HR Generalist Certificates
Employers typically prefer human resources generalists to have bachelor's degrees, usually in human resources itself. However, many HR professionals come to human resource management with business administration, management, communications or other backgrounds. In other words, some have found careers as HR generalists by obtaining a certificate after study of subjects such as employee and labor relations as well as human resource practices. Other HR generalists have started out as administrative assistants or general assistants and then gained HR experience and a certificate.
HR Generalist Careers
Many community colleges and four-year colleges and universities offer human resources degrees and certificate programs. \ Some employers want HR generalists to have at least a year's experience before hiring them while others accept training and education for entry level HR positions as generalists. BLS notes that employment growth for HR managers is expected to be 13 percent through 2020, about as fast as average. HR generalists may improve their income by obtaining career certifications, though, including the Professional in Human Resources.
- WebProNew/Business: The Historical Background of Human Resource Management
- HR Degress: Human Resource Generalist (HR Generalist)
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Human Resources Managers
- Career Bliss: Average HR Generalist Salary in the United States
- University of Minnesota: Human Resource Generalist Certificate
- Houston Community College: Human Resource Certificate Program
- DegreeDirectory.org: Becoming a Human Resources Manager in 5 Steps
- Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images